Everything in its place. Recycling in SibFU
Siberian Federal University has set up recycling bins for separate waste collection. Now you can collect all the junk you have been carefully sorting since summer and throw it out the right way. You can find recycling containers with marking of different colours on the descent to the football field on Prospekt Svobodny. The memo stickers will help you not to get confused. Still we repeat the rules of separate waste collection:
- The green bin is for clean glass; the glass can be crushed. However, you shouldn’t throw mirrors, crystal, porcelain, and light bulbs;
- The blue bin is for waste paper, i.e. newspapers, magazines, cardboard, office paper. No food waste, Tetra Pak, photos;
- The orange bin is for PET plastics. Mainly it is for bottles and plastic containers, but you’d better always check for the PET icon.
This is not as difficult as it seems. And we believe that soon you will succeed in making waste separating your habit. In the meantime, you can ask for a consultation with Dmitry, student of ecology major. He will help you to raise awareness and to determine a material’s recyclability.
All the waste that the campus residents will throw into these containers will be taken away for recycling to different cities. We begin to take care of the environment right now, and then, will see, may be the whole city will join us. So, Siberian Federal, are you in?!
#СФУ #SFU #SibFU #ecocampusSibFU
The campus of Siberian Federal University is surrounded by Siberian boreal forest. It is important for us to preserve the unique landscape surrounding the campus, to show the possibility of harmonious coexistence of man and nature.
That is why in the past few years we have been active in scientific research and educational work in the field of sustainable development.
It covers many scientific and technological areas essential for human well-being, a clean environment and the sustainable use of natural resources.
Our goal is to spread the ideas of green technologies for sustainable development. We make efforts to ensure that the results of our research and the latest developments in this area are gradually introduced into various spheres of life of Siberian Federal University. This helps our university students to understand that green technologies are no longer something distant, but something that has took its firm place around us. Residents of the region should see the importance of these technologies for the preservation of the worround us, should see them as a means and a possibility for making people's lives better.
In our everyday activity, we stick to the recommendations of the Agenda for the 21st century, accepted at the United Nations conference on the environment and development in 1992.
We believe that there is a need to implement our existing potential to generate a regional center of research, development and demonstration of a range of environmental and sustainable technologies.
New Natural Park next to SibFU
On 15 May the project for beautification of the recreational area around the ridge Gremyachaya Griva was presented at Siberian Federal University in Krasnoyarsk. A new natural park is supposed to boost tourism, sports, and recreation of citizens.
The project is focused on conditions for active recreation of the population, as well as the conservation of green spaces. Landscape design and enhancement of the functionality of open areas will be in priority. They will clean the forest park from debris and construct pedestrian paths, sport and theme zones.
Experts are sure that proper organization of pedestrian routes and navigation system will reveal the peculiarities of the ridge Gremyachaya Griva and reduce an anthropogenic influence on the territory.
Alexander Uss, the acting governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory:“A civilized recreational place for the citizens is my dream. Krasnoyarsk is obliged to implement this project. We have a unique area called Stolby (translator’s note: a natural reserve near the city), but it is not convenient for everyone. Now it is possible to create a giant park of about 300 hectares. It will be suitable for different activities. After completion of the project Gremyachaya Griva, we will finally be able to use a complex approach and create a unique look of Krasnoyarsk. The project will be completed in three years.”
In addition, the beautification of the natural park will be started from the zone between two streets (Prospekt Svobodny and Biathlonnaya ul.). The site will be a landmark of the city near the Universiade Village and sports facilities located on the territory of Biathlon Academy and Winter Sports Academy. The project is launched by the Krasnoyarsk Territory Government jointly with Siberian Federal University.
Ecological Yard Project Presented at SibFU
On 25 April 2018, the Environmental Fund of Siberian Federal University presented results of the first project Ecological Yard. Representatives of the regional and city authorities, scientists and journalists were among the speakers.
The Eco-fund has been established by SibFU and has been financed by industrial companies. It was created in December 2017, when the list of projects to be supported by eco-fund in 2018 was ready. The Ecological Yard was one of the experimental projects.
According to representatives of the fund, the project's goal was to form a scientific, technical and economic ground for the organization of electric central heating systems for vehicles in winter on the territory of urban households. The project concept was to install electric heaters on the cars of residents of the yard and carrying out the necessary communications to connect cars to the power grid. As a result of the experiment, the participants stopped warming up. Thus both economic and ecological benefits were achieved.
A few dozen cars were involved into the experiment and 50 parking lots were connected to the power grid. Scientists conducted several measurements since February. According to Tatiana Kulagina, a SibFU Professor, the Chair of Engineering Ecology and Vital Activity Safety, they made air measurements for the first time and found out that in calm weather zone the concentration of hazardous substances concentration in exhaust gas in the parking exceeded the permitted level.
Within the project, car owners can save from 18 to 28 thousand roubles a year. At the same time, only from one parking lot for 56 cars, the level of emissions has reduced by 13.6 thousand tons.
Mikhail Gladyshev, the vice-rector of science SibFU, pointed out that people usually do not expect global slogans and list of events for a brighter future. They need results. And the project Ecological yard is a reality for one single yard. В
Improvement of ecological monitoring methods discussed and the report of sustainable development presented at SibFU
On 10 April 2018 Siberian Federal University hosted a roundtable discussion on “Improving Analytical Control Methods for Solving Practical Problems in Environmental Monitoring”.
The participants discussed the strategy for the development of the analytical and methodological framework that could meet the needs of subsoil users operating in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Also the first report of sustainable development was presented.
The organizers were Siberian Federal University and the State Regional Center for Standardization, Metrology, and Testing of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. According to organizers, the meeting was dedicated to the search of balance between the commercial interests of subsoil users and conservation of the environment and clarity of environmental monitoring methods. Representatives of scientific collectives of SibFU took part in the discussion along with:
- Oil and gas companies;
- Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology;
- Ministry of Ecology and Efficient Natural Resource Management of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
Reports on laboratory and analytical capabilities and the spectrum of analytical work, methods, and equipment for monitoring the state of the environment based on bioindication and biotesting were presented by SibFU scientists. Maksim Zhidik, a representative of the company "Krasnoyarskgazprom Neftgazproekt", reported about the problems of analytical support of environmental monitoring and support of geological work during the exploration of deposits.
Ruslan Sharafutdinov, the director of the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU, is sure that modern methods of monitoring and their reflection in tender documentation is the key to successful environmental studies. In this case, dialogue between researchers that develop modern monitoring methods and subsoil users should not be built only according to the classical scenario, where a customer becomes an executor.
“We should strive to build a dual relationship. Both the Centre of Standardization and Metrology and Siberian Federal University have much to offer on the market of environmental and analytical research. Nevertheless, market mechanisms foster very high competition in the area, and this is one of the challenges that we must face,” Ruslan summed up.
As the result, the roundtable came up with a corresponding resolution between officials, scientists, representatives of oil and gas companies and confirmed publication of the report about sustainable development of SibFU for 2017.
CDIO Students Presented Eco-Projects at Forum UNESCO
The students of the Department of CDIO Engineering Bachelor’s Degree (CDIO - Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate) presented their projects at the 1st International Youth Forum of Applied Research “Oil Capital”. The international forum under the authority of the Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO was held in Surgut on 8-9 February 2018.
Ekaterina Zadvernyak, a student of the School of Non-Ferrous Metals and Materials Science SibFU, presented a project for aluminum cans recycling. In her opinion, the increase in the amount of aluminum waste initiated the search for new processing technologies. The project team studied chemical and mechanical features of the alloy obtained by melting aluminum cans and selected a technology to improve its quality.
“We can reuse the substances obtained after aluminum recycling. For example, we conducted a number of experiments and achieved potassium alum. They can be added to household chemicals, medicines, perfumes,”said Ekaterina Zadvernyak.
Also, student Roman Skripalshchikov presented a hydraulic installation for obtaining briquettes from waste plastic.
“The issue of respect of the environment is actively discussed among SibFU students. In 2017 the University installed recycling trash containers, including a container for plastic bottles. Before recycling, bags with PET bottles require a space for storage from 100 to 120 m2. To use storages more efficiently we designed a vertical hydraulic press for briquetting solid household waste,”said Roman.
Krasnoyarsk hosted a conference «Environmental protection and industrial activities in the North» of «Norilsk Nickel» MMC
VI Environmental Conference «Environmental Protection and Industrial Activities in the North» of «Norilsk Nickel» MMC was jointly organized by Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk) and Scientific Research Institute of Ecology Problems (Kharkiv) on 12–13 October.
Sections of the forum discussed issues of environmental efficiency through modernization of production and implementation of technical solutions. A particular attention was paid to the issues of implementation of the best available technologies for large industrial enterprises. Besides there was a round-table discussion on «Environmental Legislation: Experience of Application and Trends».
Representatives of the expert community and environmental organizations took part in the conference, as well as top managers and specialists from such large companies as RUSAL and Siberian Coal Energy Company (SUEK). They shared experience in organizing environmental activities and minimizing environmental impact.
Elena Bezdenezhnykh, Vice-President of «Norilsk Nickel» MMC, Member of the Expert Council, highlighted the importance of efforts of «Norilsk Nickel» MMC in the Arctic development:«The conference is aimed at creating common ground for business, government and society, and at consolidating the largest industrial companies to find the best solutions to the most pressing environmental issues».
SibFU will host international science seminar Arctic Research: Global Challenges
15–18 November 2017 International Science Seminar Arctic Research: Global Challenges will be held in Siberian Federal University. Master’s students, postgraduates and young researchers from the universities of Russia and China are invited to take part in the event.
The objective of the Seminar is to bring researchers from China and Russia together for further research cooperation and to make a joint contribution to solving current global challenges.
The Seminar focuses on the Arctic research in various aspects of natural science, engineering and humanities. The Seminar offers networking opportunities to foster cooperation between the Chinese and Russian participants. The plenary meeting and sessions will be moderated by the keynote speakers from Shanghai Institute for International Studies, Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai University, Fudan University, Siberian Federal University and others.
Blood donor days will be hold at SibFU
From 2 October to 26 October 2017, the event SibFU Blood donor days will take place on all sites of Siberian Federal University. We encourage students, staff members and lecturers to participate.
The world leading biotechnologists to present advanced research at SibFU
From 26 September 2017 Siberian Federal University holds the II International Scientific Conference «Biotechnology of New Materials — Environment — Quality of Life». The conference is organized by the School of Biology and Biotechnology SibFU with the support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.
According to prof. Tatiana Volova, Head of the Industry Based Department of Biotechnology, School of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology, SibFU, world leading scientists and researchers in biotechnology and nanomaterials from China, the USA, Turkey, Greece and India participate in the conference.
«The conference is devoted to problems of environment, life support, life quality and potential of biotechnologies. Human and the environment have always been in controversy. An enormous anthropogenic pressure leads to the situation that not only biotic cycles but also human is under the threat of existence. — Noticed Tatiana. —Considering challenges of XXI century such as a large amount of toxic waste, diseases that are complicated to diagnose and treat, depletion of mineral resources, researchers have to develop environmentally friendly technologies. And so, biotechnology with the processes, using potential of living systems in the organisms, comes to the forefront».
Professor Aristides M. Tsatsakis from the School of Medicine at the University of Crete, President of Federation of European Toxicologists & European Societies of Toxicology EUROTOX, will give the report on diagnosis and modulation of aging processes within the Conference:«Everyone wants to have a long and wealthy life. However, aging process is influenced by many factors. In my study I will talk about measuring the lengths of DNA. When it gets shorter than the critical value, we face instability of DNA and, consequently, various diseases. This applies especially to chronic diseases, because they are primarily associated with DNA instability. At the present time, we conduct a procedure of measuring the DNA length in clinics of Greece. The analysis takes 12+ hours to complete».
In addition, the role and potential of biotechnologies for synthesis of target products and preservation of the environment, applying new biomaterials for medicine and pharmacology, and other issues are to be discussed during the Conference.
Environmental responsibility was discussed at the Yenisei Legal Readings
Problems of theory and practice of environmental responsibility were discussed at Siberian Federal University. The round-table discussion on the topic «Legal Responsibility: National and International Aspects» was held within the X International Scientific and Practical Conference of Students, Postgraduates and Young Scientists «Yenisei Legal Readings» on 21–23 September 2017.
Leading experts in environmental law attended the round-table discussion. According to Liu Hongyan, chief research fellow of the Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the study of responsibility issues is the matter of special attention.
«Regulation of relations of human and nature is the cornerstone of legal theory and practice. Currently, almost all laws are aimed at protecting a person, his or her private rights and freedoms. If a person needs timber, we cut down a forest, if natural resources — we extract them. However, this approach is fundamentally wrong. If humanity wants to live in an ecological civilization, we must learn to live in harmony with nature».
As Milana Grigorieva, Head of the Department of Land Law and Environmental Expertise, Law School, Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, said, the complicated environmental situation is a result not only of natural processes, but also of systematic violations of law that get more and more various.
«There is chapter 26 “Environmental crimes“ in the current legislation. However, standards of criminal responsibility are not applicable to every situation. In practice, we face problems, such as lack of methods for investigating environmental crimes, complexity of evidence base, and carrying out of expensive examinations. We can introduce criminal liability of legal entities as the most promising way out of the situation, but we still cannot legally solve the problem». — She emphasized.
«This event is not only a bridge between the capital and Krasnoyarsk Territory, but also a platform for communication among practitioners, where we can step aside from a pure science and overcome a gap between theory and practice. Moreover, this conference is significant for making contacts in the sphere of science. We closely cooperate with our Russian and international colleagues, and this cooperation has a long-term perspective». — Said Irina Shyshko, Director of the Law School, SibFU.
SibFU students won the Environmental Cup
Students of the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU became winners of the V Interuniversity Environmental Cup, which was held in Novosibirsk on 18-19 October.
Development of the environmentally friendly economy was discussed at SibFU
29 June 2017, Siberian Federal University hosted a round-table discussion «Green Economy. Import Substitution and Introduction of the best available technologies for gas purification of industrial emissions and neutralization containing polychlorinated biphenyl-contaminated waste from energy facilities in Central Siberia».
The event was organized by SibFU jointly with the Department of The Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service of Krasnoyarsk Territory and Ministry for Natural Resources and Environment of Krasnoyarsk Territory.
During the round-table discussion, the main educational aspects of technospheric security were considered. The directions of work of the Chair of Technospheric Security were presented. The chair was established at SibFU jointly with the company «Zeleny Gorod» (Green City), which is engaged in processing and burial of waste of 1–3 hazard class. According to the presentation of Tatiana Kulagina, Associate Professor at the Joint Department, it is impossible to train a high-quality specialist without close interaction with an industrial partner. So, attracting students to industrial activities helped to raise the level of practical training of graduates. Moreover, students have the opportunity to use resources of the enterprise to prepare course papers and theses.
The meeting also discussed problems of collecting and recycling polychlorinated biphenyl-containing waste (PCBs). PCBs belong to the group of persistent organic pollutants, monitoring of which in air, water and soil is mandatory in developed industrial countries because of their high danger to the environment and public health.
Ruslan Sharafutdinov, Director of the School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU, drew attention to the prospects of biological reclamation of soils and grounds polluted with PCBs.
In his opinion, the discussion of the know-how in environmental management can greatly contribute to the development of the green economy:«The green economy is not just a beautiful word; it is a special worldview, and a view of the development of mankind in the future. According to statistical data, from 7 to 15 % of GDP losses are associated with environmental losses. When we talk about the green economy, we mean a level of development of science and technology, when it is possible to achieve greater progress, saving costs and reducing the negative impact on the environment. Green technologies are aimed at improving life and economic growth, they are a response to the request of the society, in which human is an integral part of the social and natural system», — the scientist emphasized.
In addition, the participants discussed economic, legislative and technological aspects of environmental safety and air protection, introduction of the best available technologies for gas purification of industrial emissions, and the use of Russian equipment within the Green Economy program.
SibFU starts the Summer School on reclamation of abandoned industrial zones
From 27 June to 5 July 2017, Siberian Federal University will start the International Summer School «Sustainable Land Use through Reclamation of Lands of Former Industrial Facilities and Reuse of Building Materials». SibFU has organized this educational event jointly with The Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg.
Students from Brandenburg University of Technology and several SibFU Schools (School of Engineering and Construction, School of Business Management and Economics, School of Ecology and Geography, School of Architecture and Design) applied for participation in the event. Representatives of both universities and the Department of Urban Development of Krasnoyarsk will give lectures at the Summer School.
Representatives from the German Higher Institution will clarify the following issues to the participants:
- Handling hazardous and noxious substances that can be placed on the territories of industrial facilities;
- Tests in determining pollution level of industrial areas;
- Reuse of building materials;
- Legal aspects of working in industrial areas.
Besides lecturers, the students will visit abandoned industrial zones of Krasnoyarsk and the environs. In is assumes that within the training the «pupils» will develop concept of conversion of the inner-city and suburbs that would cover the whole set of tasks (architectural, construction, environmental, economic, and legal), which, in turn, will be solved in teams by students of different majors. The territory of the former Krasnoyarsk Woodworking Integrated Plant has been chosen as the main site for the projects design. In addition, the participants will observe the progress of reconstruction of the University building «G».
Note that this year within the Project 5top100, SibFU will host 16 summer school with the participation of international lecturers and students.
WWF expert Aleksey Kokorin to give a lecture at SibFU on climatic change
29 May 2017, Aleksey Kokorin, a well-known climatologist, honored worker in the sphere of conservation, candidate of science (in Physics and Mathematics), and a director of the program «Climate and Energy» of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), will give a lecture to the students on «Natural and Anthropogenic Climatic Change: The State of Scientific Knowledge».
The lecture will cover the following topics:
- Analysis of natural climatic change at different time scales: from hundreds of millions of years to the current century;
- Anthropogenic impact on the climate system and its consequences for Russia according to the data of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia for the last 40 years;
- Projections of Future Changes in Climate up to the end of the 21 centuries;
- International activities and actions of Russia, skeptical attitude to the role of man in climatic change.
In SibFU Scientific Café researchers assess the environmental state
25 May 2017, the final meeting of this academic year will take place at the SibFU Scientific Café. The meeting will be devoted to biological monitoring of the environment and will be held within All-Russian Week of Climate in Krasnoyarsk Territory.
At present, assessing the quality of soil, water and air is of significant importance. Environmental pollution on both global and local levels is a matter of great concern. Scientists believe that determining both actual and possible degrees of contamination is essential. Prof. Nina Pakharkova, Candidate of Science (in Biology), Assistant Professor at the Chair of Ecology and Environmental Management, School of Ecology and Geography, will tell us about research in this area conducted at SibFU.
The following topics are to be discussed:
- current environment state;
- ways to monitor the environment, differences in approaches to research;
- peculiarities of environmental monitoring.
The meeting is open to all-comers. As usual, there are delicious pastries and tea for the guests. Free admission.
SibFU Scientific Café gave presentation on biological monitoring of the environment
25 May 2017, the final meeting of the academic year took place at SibFU. The meeting was devoted to biological monitoring of the environment and was held within All-Russian Week of Climate in Krasnoyarsk Territory.
There were two experts giving presentations at the meeting: Nina Pakharkova, Candidate of Science (in Biology), Associate Professor of the Chair of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, and Yuriy Grigoriev, Candidate of Sciences (in Biology), Professor of the Chair of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU.
Nina shared her research about biological monitoring and told about the role of biomonitoring in these studies, and about advantages of this method compared to physical and chemical methods. In addition, during the meeting the following issues were discussed: drying of dark coniferous forest in the region, the reasons, and research concerning varieties of coniferous trees and their adaptation to different climatic conditions.
Yuriy presented the issue from the position of implementation. He said about the necessary regulations and documents for preparation of the research results and environmental reports, and also about research at the Chair on the behavior of lichen under the influence of various environmental factors and pollution. He presented the diagram, on which the visitors could see unique data on the level of pollution for the main districts of Krasnoyarsk, where the impact of particular anthropogenic factors on the environment could be seen.
Discussion about Ecology from the position of law in SibFU
12 May 2017, on the eve of the St. Petersburg International Legal Forum, SibFU hosted a scientific and applied round-table discussion on «Legal Regulation of Environmental Aspects of the Activities of Enterprises».
The event was organized by the Law School of SibFU jointly with the company Norilsk Nickel and with the participation of the Pepeliaev Group's Siberian Office.
The participants discussed the issues of legal regulation of the negative impact on the environment, as well as the practice of law enforcement and possible proposals for improving the legislation. Representatives of the authorities, academic legal science and business lawyers, bachelor’s and master’s students, as well as scientists from related branches of science showed interest in the round-table discussion. The roundtable was moderated by Professor Lyudmila Mitskevich.
The following conclusions and proposals were formulated based on the results of discussion of announced presentations, as well as speeches and reports of the participants:
- Legal administrative and legal economic mechanisms are not in balance in the current legal regulation of environmental legal relations;
- It is necessary to improve the whole system of measures of state impact on the environmental behavior of organizations, including development of effective legal economic mechanisms for stimulating environmental activities, without giving priority to measures of administrative enforcement, since increasing administrative fines is not effective;
- Strategic directions of environmental law do not receive critics from scientists, but national environmental legislation does not fully guarantee the system of environmental rights of citizens; the state should fulfill the responsibility to bring legislation into line with international standards.
A presentation on paleogeographic research in SibFU Scientific Café
6 February 2017 in SibFU Scientific Café there was a presentation about climatic change and paleogeographic research within the Regional Days of Science. The topic of the event coincided with the Russia's Year of the Environment.
The following experts in paleontology gave speeches:
- Galina Yamskikh, Doctor of Sciences (in Geography), Professor and Head of the Department of Geography, School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU;
- Natalia Zharinova, Head of the Laboratory of Complex Physical and Geographical Research;
- Daria Bolkunova, Assistant of the Department of Geography, School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU.
At the meeting, the guests learned about the information that pollen of plants can give us, and about climate influence on the soil under our feet. In addition, there was a discussion about conchology, the study of mollusk shells. The participants talked about determining temperature in the region of mollusk habitat by the color of its shell, and moisture level by the inner shell structure.
Also, Galina told the guests about the recently published report by the Russian scientists. According to the collected paleogeographic information, in the nearest future, our planet is faced with the prospect of global cooling, rather than warming.
Autumn Planting of the “Studgorodok” Area of the Campus Have Been Completed
Over 800 trees and shrubs were planted in the first phase of the campus landscaping of Siberian Federal University in Krasnoyarsk city campus.
«To decorate the entrance area we chose the bright and lasting blossom apple and lilac trees, cotoneaster will perform the role of hedge, and the transition from training to the recreational area will be filled by coniferous trees»— the vice-rector of SibFU Roman Shorokhov said.
Environmental Quiz for Students of SibFU
September 30, 2016. The university hosted the annual youth environmental FSC-Friday. Traditionally the Youth Union of SibFU organizes the event and draws the attention of students of SibFU to forest issues. The event was supported by two international organizations: the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF). All participants were invited to attend the event.
23 teams took part in the Eco-quiz, enjoyed a multitude of positive emotions and spent the Friday night with benefit!
KhTI Opened a Students Garden Square
The opening of the first part of the Student Garden Square took place in Khakassia Technical Institute (KhTI) — a branch of SibFU.
The Student Garden Square was a gift for the 85th anniversary of the city of Abakan, for the 25th anniversary of the Republic of Khakassia and a significant event in honor of the upcoming 50th anniversary of KhTI. The next spring this place will have the Institute`s graduates avenue, lanes of the prominent manufacturers and honored builders, as well as an amphitheater. I am certain that the square will be one of the places of attraction for not only the student's youth, but for all Abakan citizens and a favorite place for a family holiday.
An Apple Alley is to Open the “Green Corridor”
SibFU launched a project for landscaping the campus of the university. The campus beautification concept was presented in early summer 2016. The first stage includes planted apple trees, shrubs of cotoneaster and pine. The implantations took place along the street named after academician Kirensky in the territory, which is not going to be affected by the construction works.
According to the concept of gardening the anthropogenic landscape is to be integrated into the natural landscape, respectively, in the direction from the city center towards the birch grove the species composition of trees and intensity of planting are to be changed.
Krasnoyarsk Citizens Will Have an Opportunity to Check the Environmental Friendliness of Personal Cars in the Framework of the Project “0% BLACK SKY”
From August 27 at SibFU parking lot every motorist of Krasnoyarsk can check the amount of the contribution his (her) car makes to the “black sky mode”. The verification of emissions for compliance with environmental standards does not take more than 10 minutes, all participants get “An emission control card” and recommendations on how to reduce harmful emissions. Owners of harmless cars will be given the ecology sticker “0% black sky!”.
The event "0% Black Sky" is organized by the Student Union Committee of SibFU and Youth headquarters of Oktyabrsky District Administration of Krasnoyarsk.
Students of the School of Architecture and Design of SibFU “Established “a Window to Nature”
Students of the School of Architecture and Design of SibFU became finalists of the All-Russian competition for the National Award in the field of ecological architecture and construction “Eko_Tektonika 2016”. The organizers of the competition established a new nomination “All Clear”. It was this nomination, where our students managed to express themselves as architects. The awarding ceremony and presentations of the projects were held in the framework of the Festival of the green architecture and ecological lifestyle in the Ecopark “Yasno Pole” (Clear Field).
“To implement the ideas we were given a platform, timber and tools: saws, hammers, screwdrivers. Our designed project had to quickly be adapted to the terrain. It was necessary to align, to hammer some piles. The most severe undertaking was polishing. The participation in the contest gave us a lot of experience, it became clear that our profession is not only about creating projects on paper, but also about testing the proposed ideas on yourself “— the team captain Alina Stepanchenko narrates.
The installation of our girls, “Window to Nature” was the only student work, which reached the finals. Of course, the finalists receive awards. The grand prize of this contest was the participation in the Summer School of green architecture.
SibFU Has Become a Venue for Environmental FSC-Quest
September 25, 2015. A big environmental FSC-Quest was organized by the student organization “the Youth Union of SibFU” under the auspices of the Forest Stewardship Council. The quest was aimed at promoting respect for nature and people paying attention to forest issues.
The number of teams was more than last year — 23, (in 2014 the number of teams was 19)! Participants showed ingenuity, activity and showed that they are able to perform various tasks on environmental organizers in a friendly way. Each team had its own distinctive mark, the embodiment of their full imagination.
In addition to the quest, the participants read a rap, calling for respect for forests, performed a sketch about felling trees accompanied by the beatbox. All of that looked unusual and creative. The winners were awarded by tasty prizes and stylish FSC products.
Exhibition on Renewable Energy Opened a Russian-German Dialogue at SibFU
June 8, 2015. The official opening of the exhibition “Renewable Energy Sources — German Experience” was held at SibFU. The opening of the exhibition was confined to the visit of a German delegation to the Krasnoyarsk Region. The delegation was composed of representatives of the German House of Science and Innovation in Moscow, German Agency for Energy, Ministry of Science, Research and Culture of Brandenburg, representatives of the scientific and university community of Germany.
The technological exhibition was developed by the Ministry of Economy and Energy of Germany and the German Agency for Energy. The exhibition includes about 30 presentations, which in an accessible form tell visitors about:
- main types of renewable energy;
- benefits of various technologies of its production;
- principles of these technologies and their conditions of use;
- as well as high-tech solutions in this field.
“When it comes to the field of alternative energy, Germany is now a recognized world leader: some of the technologies displayed at the exhibition are not represented in the region. But there is a growth point, there are interested companies and, most importantly, there is interest of the leadership of the region and understanding that development in this direction is vital, especially due to a reason that renewable energy is closely tied to solve both environmental and economic problems”,SibFU Rector, academician Eugene A. Vaganov said.
On behalf of the German House of Science and Innovation guests welcomed its head Dr. Gregor Berghorn.“For just 150 years humans have been burning oil and gas, used resources which nature has created over hundreds of millions of years. We can clearly see that in the future only a few decades away we will face a harsh necessity of the transition to renewable energy sources. Opening the exhibition at the largest university of eastern Russia, we want to demonstrate innovative energy technologies, which we have in Germany. I am convinced that the field of energy efficiency is a good platform for the development of cooperation between Russian and German research scientists”,— Dr. Berghorn noted.
Scientific Research Projects
- The project “Investigation of the state and the territorial distribution of the Evenk reindeer population”
- The study for creating the unique material of autoclaved coal pitch obtained by thermal dissolution of coal – the processing of finely divided coal and an organic solvent at high temperature and pressure
- The project for the development of technologies of improving the environmental performance and efficiency of a coal-fired thermal power station
- The study of power of thermal emissions of fires in the taiga forests
- The development of a resource-saving device for the production of heat and power fueled by waste products
- The study of botanical gardens to assess factors influencing the intensivity of colonization of plants by insects
- The research on energy transfer in molecular aggregates and complexes of the photosynthetic leaves of living plants
- The development of the automated systems of agricultural monitoring for the municipal districts of the Krasnoyarsk Region
- The mathematical model of adaptation of living beings to the environment
- The project of the nationwide data bank of wood samples
- The study of the effect of gamma irradiation on the “sleeping” plankton in order to study the extent and consequences of human impact on the ecosystem of water bodies
- The creation of an extensive network of stations and dendro-climatic millennial tree-ring chronologies of the Northern Eurasia
- The project “Digital Microanatomy of Growth Rings in Physiology, Ecology, Climatology and Archeology”
- The express-test for the determination of soil toxicity on the basis of the method of bioluminescence
- Expeditions to Antarctica in order to accommodate the GLONASS measuring stations
- The development of a 3D-projection interactive map for the complex of waste processing
- The project “Genetic Library of Forest Insects”
- The Red Book of Khakassia
SibFU Scientists Came Up with Innovative Way to Prepare Nuclear Waste for Disposal
The innovative technology of preparation for the safe storage of radioactive waste (RW) obtained from the processing of spent irradiated nuclear fuel (SNF), was developed by scientists of Siberian Federal University.
Today, the safest way to handle radioactive wastes is a burial of them for a long time after a special treatment and conditioning process. One of the problems of this process is the presence of sparingly soluble sediments in the pulp — waste in the liquid state, which must be recovered from the waste storage prior to the disposal.
As explained by one of the authors of the study, Professor of SibFU, Doctor of Technical Sciences Vladimir Kulagin, with the collapse of cavitation microbubbles in the process of cavitation treatment of sparingly soluble substances in water, due to a change in its physicochemical properties (activation) and other effects, for example, the formation of high-pressure fields, temperatures and impacts, even such strong minerals as diamond are destroyed.
The method, developed by scientists of SibFU, allows destroying dense, water-insoluble formations, which is deposited on the bottom of a reservoir with SNF, with the erosion of sediments with acid solutions based on cavitation-activated water.
"Our method provides an increase in the velocity of dissolution and the volume of recovered deposits by about 1.5 times in comparison with the traditional method. And when mixed in a cement matrix cavitation treatment of water in the production of cement compound with the inclusion of waste of radiochemical production, it leads to an increase in the strength of the cement stone by 2–3 times in comparison with the preparation of the solution in a usual way,"said Vladimir Kulagin.
According to him, studies with real and model pulp were conducted in the laboratories of the Mining Chemical Combine in Rosatom in Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk Territory), and experiments on cavitation treatment of water in the laboratory of Siberian Federal University.
"Preliminary results on the decontamination of radioactively contaminated equipment have already been obtained and they confirm that cavitation technology in this area of handling particularly hazardous wastes is perspective, for example, when decommissioning nuclear facilities. There is also a preliminary agreement to continue these works and expand the range of tasks using cavitation,"concluded Mr. Kulagin.
The scientists of SibFU published the paper about their work in the journal "Chemical and Oil and Gas Engineering", which was published in the USA in the journal Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, a translation version of the Russian journal.
Scientists of SibFU got the first batch of eco-friendly pitch
The team of scientists obtained the first batch of alternative binder for self-baking anodes in the production of aluminum — ecological pitch. Works on developing technology for obtaining a unique product are conducted in the School of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering in cooperation with the Engineering and Technology Center of RUSAL and with the support of scientists from the Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of the SB RAS.
At the moment, the construction of a pilot line for the production of environmentally friendly pitch is being completed, and the pitch will be tested in industrial production later.
Scientists note that this year's work allowed improving the technological parameters of the pitch while maintaining the main advantages of this material — reduced content of carcinogenic components and high yield of the production in comparison with the traditional binder.
According to the project manager Fedor Buriukin, Director of the School of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, in the long run the use of environmentally friendly pitch at metallurgical enterprises will reduce the emission of polluting components into the air of the working area and residential areas:«Russian industry faces the task of increasing the volume of coal processing into non-fuel products. This technology is focused specifically on the deep processing of solid fossil fuels in highly demanded products on the market. The comprehensive support of the United Company RUSAL over the past few years pushed the development on a new level. The plans are to increase the production to the volume of pitch consumption required in the production of anode mass for aluminum plants of RUSAL».
SibFU researchers found the way to predict the toxicity of nanomaterials
A team of researchers from Siberian Federal University and Krasnoyarsk Scientific Centre of the Siberian Branch has developed an assay to predict the potential toxicity of carbon nanomaterials. The details are presented by the official website of the Russian Science Foundation.
Simplicity, fast reaction speed, and high sensitivity are the important features of the assay. Results were published in the journal Toxicology in Vitro.
The team of researchers proposed using the bioluminescent reagent Enzymolum to test the toxicity of nanomaterials. Enzymolum is a unique enzyme system of several molecules isolated from marine luminous bacteria. Luminescence intensity of reagent changes under various factors. Researchers have tested the ability of carbon nanotubes and fullerenes to suppress luminescence of enzyme system, and maximum inhibitory effect has been observed for multi-walled nanotubes. It's noteworthy that the test has been performed at concentrations of nanomaterials exceeding those expected in the environment. However, the more people use nanomaterials, the higher concentrations are in nature.
According to Elena Esimbekova, associate professor at the Department of Biophysics, School of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology, research fellow at the Institute of Biophysics, Federal Research Centre ‘Krasnoyarsk Science Centre SB RAS’, development of nanotechnologies has led to widespread use of engineering nanomaterials. Nowadays, artificially created nanoparticles primarily on the basis of carbon are actively used in manufacturing pharma drugs, cosmetic products and in food industry.
«We have been developing Enzymolum assay systems for the last ten years. At present, it is an easy and simple to use technology. Reagent consists of small dried discs with enzymes. Each disc is designed to carry out one assay. Discs can be stored for a long time without property loss. The assay takes 2–3 minutes. Then you have a result, whether the solution of the studying sample affects the fluorescence or not. Since you have the results, you can make a conclusion about potential toxicity. The assay system has already been tested for the ability to rapidly detect the presents of toxicants, such as heavy metals or pesticides, in the environment. We can predict that rapid molecular bioassay Enzymolum will be widely applied in various spheres».
The research was conducted with the support of the Russian Science Foundation within the project «New methodology of rapid complex assessment of soil quality and pollution based on enzymatic bioluminescent systems».
Expedition of SibFU researchers to estimate carbon-absorbing ability of Siberian forests
Researchers of Siberian Federal University have completed another expedition on studying fire regimes in ecosystems of middle taiga sub-region of Central Siberia. The conducted field research allows verifying the data of satellite monitoring of the forest, studying the stages of post-fire successions, and estimating carbon stocks in forest ecosystems.
The expedition consisted of 8 research fellows from SibFU, among which were pyrologists, geographers, dendrochronologists, forest scientists and other experts. The group covered about 120 kilometres in 10 days. They conducted route surveys with access to trial sites (fire-prone areas in the past) located in floodplain of the Kutukas River of Yenisei District, Krasnoyarsk Territory. The group carried out works on 12 trial sites selected in advance with space images studying. During the expedition, more than 500 trees were assessed by 15 taxation parameters, including diameter, height, age, and species composition.
The data obtained prior to desktop studies shows significant threat from large-scale fires in the territory, especially against climatic changes and irruption of Siberian silkworm and bark beetles P. proximus. In addition, it makes a significant contribution to verification of space images and specifies that «disturbances are not always what they seem». For example, territories with a disturbance and a healthy forest with lichen cover look almost similar from space.
It's noteworthy that the expedition was performed within international and Russian studies of Central Siberia that have been conducted since 2005. This year, the team brought about 10 kilograms of core, needles and other samples from field study. The next stage of the research is laboratory processing of samples. The results of laboratory studies will be included in ZOTTO unified database. Analysis of this data array will allow determining dynamics of carbon in ecosystems, predicting probability of fire and its consequences in various territories, tracking climate changes and adjusting forest management strategies.
SibFU researches suggested using luminous proteins for toxicity analysis
The researches from Siberian Federal University jointly with the colleagues from Institute of Biophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), studied the effect of toxins on fluorescent proteins. Due to the results of their research a new type of pharmaceutical drug may be developed. Russian News Agency TASS described the details of the research.
The researchers studied fluorescent proteins that can be found in marine organisms, such as jellyfish Aequorea and Phialidium (Clytia) or hydroid polyp Obelia longissima. Proteins from these organisms contain coelenterazine (an organic compound that is oxidized to coelenteramide — a substance that fluoresces under the excided light).
«Using fluorescent coelenteramide-containing proteins transfers the toxicity understanding to the level of elementary physical and chemical processes. Perhaps this will lead us to development of new type of medicine and rethinking of the effects of the existing drugs», — said Professor Nadezhda Kudryasheva, co-researcher, Doctor of Science (in Physics and Mathematics), Chair of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry, School of Non-Ferrous Metals and Materials Science, SibFU.
Coelenteramide was exposed by temperature, poisonous substances (i. e. spirit), beta and gamma radiation. Researchers found that under the influence of all these factors the fluorescent protein changes light from blue-green to violet. According to them, toxicity of the medium can be assessed by «changes in contribution of violet and blue-green fluorescence»: the more the protein glows violet, the stronger the toxicity.
SibFU Researches synthesized gold nanoparticles with antibacterial properties from mimosa
The researches from Siberian Federal University jointly with the researches from India and Mexico have synthesized gold-containing nanoparticles with the help of bacteria dwelling in Mimosa pudica. The obtained compounds have pronounced bactericidal properties, and that would help to develop new pharmaceutical drugs against antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Russian News Agency TASS described the details of the research.
Nowadays antibiotics are widely spread all around the world, and more and more drug-resistant microorganisms appear in the world. So now people are in search of new ways to control bacteria. Research shows that metallic nanoparticles possess strong antibacterial properties, especially those containing silver and gold. Unfortunately, chemical synthesis of such compounds is not only very expensive, but also unsafe, due to the use of toxic elements dangerous to human health and ecology.
According to the article published in the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology journal, «This research offers quick and environmentally friendly synthesis of gold-containing nanoparticles using new symbiotic bacterium Aneurin Bacillus migulanus 14 from Mimosa pudica. <…> Significant decrease in the activity of the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa demonstrates the effectiveness of the new substance controlling pathogens». During the research the synthesis using bacterium Aneurin Bacillus migulanus 14 was improved, and now the process takes only 20 minutes. At the same time, neither high temperatures, nor expensive equipment, nor toxic reagents are required for the process.
The researchers checked antimicrobial activity of new compounds on a number of pathogenic bacteria. It turned out that gold is good in controlling various infections. Nanoparticles were the best in controlling P. Aeruginosa, E. Coli, S. Aureus, B. Subtilis, and K. Pneumoniae.
According to the researches, their work can be useful for developing new drugs controlling antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The know-how of the SibFU researchers will increase the life of spacecraft
Siberian Federal University together with the company «Research and production center of Magnetic Hydrodynamics» has rolled out ultra-thin aluminum wire for use in the aerospace industry.
With the help of the development aluminum aircraft wires with high electrical conductivity can be manufactured, and these wires can withstand various temperature fluctuations during long-term operation.
According to Krasnoyarsk engineers, the innovation’s uniqueness resides in the application of high-frequency electromagnetic field while casting aluminum which can be in that way accomplished continuously. As a result, the manufactured wire possesses unique physical and mechanical properties and has no analogues in Russia.
The client for the ultra-thin wire developed by the Krasnoyarsk engineers was the Special Design Bureau of the Cable Industry, a Russian enterprise dealing with the development of products for the rocket, space, aerial, and naval fields.
The developed ultra-thin wire is an alternative for the existing on-board cabling system serving as «nervous system» for aircrafts, which weight is comparable to the weight of the whole aircraft. Furthermore, the traditional material for wires is copper, the specific weight of which is three times more that of aluminum. The electrical aluminum wire developed by Siberian researches has characteristics of paramount importance for aerospace engineering: low weight, high electrical conductivity, and thermal resistance that allow launching a full cycle of aluminum on-board cable systems production.
Currently the developers have modernized the laboratory installation and pilot complex that will allow organizing serial production from various aluminum alloys. We can add that technology and equipment was patented in Russia.
The project was supported by the Regional Science Fund within a competition for research and technical projects aimed at cooperation of institutions and organizations of scientific and educational complex of the Krasnoyarsk Territory by the request from industrial enterprises in 2016.
Russian scientists come up with superior hydrogen storage material
The researchers from SibFU and Institute of Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences received a new material for hydrogen storage. The material based on magnesium hydrogen can store hydrogen with a mass of 7 % of its weight. This is a record value of the storage for all similar materials.
This development can be of use in building hydrogen fuel vehicles.
Hydrogen is one of the most promising options for replacing gasoline, gas and other fuels based on hydrocarbons, and nowadays, its use as a fuel for electric vehicles seems the most promising. However, hydrogen transportation presents severe difficulties. Firstly, it requires expensive and heavy cylinders, and secondly, it is not safe, since a mixture of air and hydrogen is highly explosive. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to store hydrogen in various accumulating materials during transportation.
According to theoretical estimations, magnesium can absorb hydrogen in amounts of up to 7.6 % of its own mass. However, in most modern experiments, the capacity of magnesium hydride does not exceed 5–6 weight percent. Krasnoyarsk researchers managed to boost this value by adding nickel and platinum to the magnesium hydride, they obtained a new material with advanced accumulation capability of 7 weight percepts of hydrogen.
The article of the researches has been published in the last issue of SibFU’s journal «Mathematics and Physics». In the authors teem there is a master’s degree student of the School of Engineering Physics and Radio Electronics — Ms. Eugenia Melnikova (currently she is an alumnus).
SibFU researchers suggested method for assessing effect of preservatives on organism
Researches from Siberian Federal University and Institute of Biophysics have developed a new method for assessing the effect of nutrient additives on organism at the molecular level using enzymes. Russian News Agency TASS described the details of the research.
In particular, the experts have already found out that sorbic acid used by food manufactures inhibits enzymes responsible for digesting proteins, if the concentration is less than 1 % of the acceptable level.
«We suggested a new approach in toxicology of nutrient additives, an assessment of the effect of preservatives on human organism, considering changes in the activity of biomarker enzymes. Nutrient additives are tested mainly on laboratory animals, but these tests do not allow seeing the effect of preservatives at the molecular level. Now we are developing a set of tests with key enzymes of various metabolic pathways responsible for metabolism of carbohydrate, ethanol, lactic fermentation, conduction of nerve impulses, and so on. With these tests we will be able to determine systems that are inhibited when preservatives are ingested». — Said Elena Esimbekova, associate professor of the Chair of Biophysics of SibFU, research fellow of the Institute of Biophysics.
Thus, the researchers has already found out that such common additives as sorbic acid (E-200), sodium benzoate (E-211), and potassium sorbate (E-202) decrease the activity of pancreatic enzymes that help digest proteins by 25–50 %.
As Elena Esimbekova noticed:«According to Russian standards, concentration of these preservatives in food should not exceed 30 mg per liter. We determined that sorbic acid suppresses the enzymes responsible for protein digestion by 50 % at a concentration of only 2 mg per liter (TASS’s note: about 0.7 % from maximum acceptable level). Of all three additives sodium benzoate has the weakest influence on the enzymes».
The article is published in the International Journal of Food Chemistry.
SibFU researchers learned how to effectively monitor climate changes with the tree rings of Tibetan trees
SibFU researches with the international colleagues have developed the effective method of assessing the impact of climate changes on the development of woody plants based on mathematical simulation. Russian News Agency TASS described the details of the research.
The researchers used data on annual tree rings of the Tibetan Plateau, the largest forest in the world, located at the altitude of 4000 meters above sea level. They brought together information from 20 different databases and received information about annual tree rings of 3000 trees growing in different parts of the forest area. They compared these numbers with satellite observations and temperature records for the period from 1960 to 2014 to understand the way the Tibetan trees reacted to changing of climatic factors.
«We developed innovative approach based on data on annual tree rings that helped us to calculate the start and the end of growing season of trees according to daily climatic data. <…> This approach can be applied to different forest regions», — as it is said in the article.
For example, it was found that in 1960–1981 the start and the end of growing period in spring calculated by the size of tree rings, remained almost unchanged. In 1982–2014, there was a decrease in average spring temperature by one degree, which, in turn slowed down the development of trees for 6–7 days.
With the help of collected data, the researchers developed a computer simulation technique that calculates the growth rate and the final width of the annual ring according to climatic date: the predicted model for the studied period coincided with the actual results of the study. According to the researchers, the new approach will allow to make not only realistic predictions of trees growth, but also to assess the impact of changing climatic factors on them, temperature and humidity at the first place.
The method lacks the main drawbacks of other existing methods for assessing the impact of climatic change on the growth of trees, which often given conflicting results and can be applied only to specific forest areas.
The article is published in the PNAS journal.
Improved model by the Russian dendrologists was tested on the trees of the Tibetan Plateau
The model developed by the Krasnoyarsk scientists was used to study the Tibetan trees and discovered new aspects of climate impacting on annual ring forming.
The simulation model of growth and tree-ring formation was proposed by the scientists Eugene Vaganov and Alexander Shashkin (Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk) in the mid-1980s. To date, this model is considered one of the best in the world in the field of tree ecology. Researchers of the Siberian Federal University proposed a visual parameterization of the model, which greatly simplified the use of this model for the most diverse forest ecosystems of the planet. Chinese colleagues from the Northwest Institute of Environmental Studies and the Chinese Academy of Sciences addressed a proposal to the Krasnoyarsk scientists to analyze the formation of annual rings on the Tibetan plateau under the influence of climatic factors. The results of the research are published in the article «Simulation modeling of the formation of annual rings and its correlation with the climate on the Tibetan plateau" in the "Dendrochronology" Journal of the "Elsevier» publishing house in March 2017.
Vladimir Shishov, one of the authors of the paper, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Mathematical Methods and Information Technologies of the Siberian Federal University, commented on the results of the research:«During the analysis, the results of our modeling for verification were compared with direct four-year field observations of the growth of woody plants in the region. It showed similar results and made it possible to draw conclusions on the process of growth of woody plants for several decades on the basis of conventional modeling, avoiding lengthy field experiments.
In previous published works on the Tibetan Plateau, it was believed that the main driver of tree growth is the spring and summer temperatures. We have identified additional sustainable effects of the influence of moist soil regimes on the formation of annual rings, especially in the middle of the growth season, even in the cold sharp continental climate of the Tibetan plateau. Changes in this influence after 1985, caused by an increase in precipitation in the region due to the so-called global warming of the planet's climate are also shown».
Research in this area is highly relevant and of great practical importance because of the growing environmental problem in China. The team of scientists included representatives from China, Germany and Russia. The work was carried out as part of the project of the Russian Science Foundation (No. 14-14-00219).
SibFU project is the finalist of OIST 2017
The project of the scientists team from the Siberian Federal University called «3D printing of bioengineering analogs of bone structures» became the finalist of the Open Innovation Startup tour 2017 (OIST) in «Biomedical Engineering». The elaboration was presented by the student Konstantin Kistersky, School of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology.
The defense was held at Tomsk State University on 13–14 February 2017 within the Skolkovo Foundation program, aimed at supporting fledgling entrepreneurs and innovators.
Due to getting into the final of large-scale competition, Konstantin was invited to Startup Village, the largest start-up conference for engineer entrepreneurs in Russia and the CIS countries. In addition, his project made it into the final of the START competition from the Fund for the Promotion of Innovation.
Volcano Samalas mystery revealed
The international team of scientists with the participation of Krasnoyarsk dendrochronologists offered their answer to one of the mysteries of climatology and volcanology.
The reason for the scientific interest in the eruption of the volcano Samalas is that it is considered the largest in the last thousand years throwing as much as 10 cubic miles of rock into the atmosphere, which lead to destroying Pamatan, the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lombok. The ice cores in Greenland evidence this as the study of their chemical composition in the 1980s pointed out that there was one of the largest in history volcanic eruptions in the XIII century. The volcano itself has long remained unknown, and scientists have searched for it all over the world. After studying the writings on the palm leaves in Old Javanese, in 2003 Franck Lavigne found that this volcano could be Samalas located on the island of Lombok in Indonesia. Lake SegaraAnak formed in the crater later and made it difficult to detect the volcano.
One of the existing scientific theories in climatology over the impact of the eruption Samalas volcano on global climatic conditions in the XIII century says that this event may be the cause of the abnormal cold weather (chronicles describe the following year as the «year without a summer»), widespread crop failure, famine, and social upheavals in Europe after 1257.
In January 2017 a paper under the title «Climate response to the Samalas volcanic eruption in 1257 revealed by proxy records» was published in the British scientific journal Nature geoscience with high impact factor among the nature journals (12.508 for 2 years). The international writing team includes scientists from Switzerland, Russia, France, Britain, the United States, China and Canada. Vladimir Myglan (School of the Humanities of Siberian Federal University) and Olga Churakova (Sidorova) (University of Bern, Institute of Geological Sciences, V.N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, SB RAS) are the Krasnoyarsk scientists who took part in the research. In the scientific world, the leading hypothesis is that the eruption of the volcano Samalas in 1257 was the cause of the Little Ice Age, and more than a hundred years of social crisis in Europe. Based on the analysis of reliable sources the paper refutes this hypothesis.
The international team of scientists bases their studies on the chronicles of European cities (Speyer, Worms and others) and Siberia, chronicles of harvests and climate data of the annual rings of trees. During the interdisciplinary analysis of data sources, it was found that the impact of the volcanic eruption Samalas on the European climate and the severe cooling after 1257 is greatly exaggerated as the heterogeneity of climate change occurs in the places of distribution of volcanic sediments.
Vladimir Myglan:«Western Europe, Siberia and Japan experienced the strongest cooling, which coincided with warmer than normal conditions in Alaska and Northern Canada. It is assumed that in North America volcanic radiation was modeled on the positive vibrations of the warm phase of the El Niño. Historical data confirm a severe famine in England and Japan, but it had started before the eruption. We believe that the eruption of the volcano Samalas only aggravated an existing crisis but it was not the cause».
SibFU Takes Part in the Creation of the Declaration on the Arctic
The director of the Institute of Ecology and Geography Ruslan Sharafutdinov took part in the first Congress of the University of the Arctic (UArctic) as a representative of Siberian Federal University and became one of the creators of the final declaration. The document proclaims a balance between effective development of territories, protection of nature and rights of indigenous peoples to be a key priority for all Arctic States.
Ecology of Forest Fires Has Been Discussed at SibFU
September 12, 2016 Siberian Federal University hosted the international scientific seminar “Ecology of Forest Fires”. The aim of the seminar was to discuss the problems of forest fires and their consequences for the Siberian region, as well as the development of practical recommendations for fire management and control of their distribution in the Central Siberia.
The importance of the topic was highlighted by the Head of Department of Geographic Information Systems of SibFU, Head of Laboratory of Forest Monitoring at Forest Institute named after V. N. Sukachev, professor, Doctor of Biology Vyacheslav Haruk:“In the context of the climate change, which we are now witnessing, the problem of forest fires in the boreal zone attracts more and more attention. American and European colleagues predict that there will be more fires and they will cover larger areas. There will be more catastrophic fires, covering one million hectares. Such fires were observed in 2010 in the European part of Russia and in Siberia they happen more often. Objective observations from space, which clearly show the zones traversed by fire, confirm the trend of increasing area and frequency of forest fires”.
The event was attended by staff of the Forest Institute named after V. N. Sukachev and research scientists of School of Ecology and Geography of SibFU. Lectures and presentations were delivered by professors Beatriz Duguy Pedra and Ramon Vallejo Calzada (Spain) University of Barcelona and Professor, Director of the Regional Fire Monitoring Centre for Central Asia (Mongolia) Oyunsanaa Byambasuren.
One of the Developments of Research Scientists at SibFU Will Make Aluminum Production More Environmentally Friendly
SibFU scientists together with colleagues from the Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of the SB RAS and RUSAL conduct research to create a unique material — autoclave coal tar pitch produced by thermal dissolution of coal — processing of finely ground coal and an organic solvent at high temperature and pressure. It is intended to replace coal tar pitch, which is traditionally used in the production of electrodes.
Research Scientists at SibFU Study Micro Anatomy of Tree Rings
The research team project of Siberian Federal University “Digital microanatomy of growth rings in physiology, ecology, climatology and archeology” has won the grant of the Russian Scientific Foundation in the contest aimed at supporting projects and implementation of fundamental and exploratory research, results of which will be presented by scientists at international conferences.
The team of research scientists who will work under the grant are consulted by the academician Eugene A. Vaganov.“The project is based on the current achievements of the scientific school of dendrochronology. So, for the selected core material that has been collected over the past years by Vladimir Myglan during the expeditions to the upper border of the forest of the Altai and Sayan mountains, and Tuva. Now we collected a large amount of wood material and built the longest continental Asia chronology showing a serious connection to changes in summer temperatures.
The grant will assist us in making a step forward in the use of tree rings as an indicator of climate change,— Eugene said. —The second part of the work to be undertaken within the grant refers to cooperation with foreign counterparts, and presentation of the results at major international conferences, seminars or summer schools. The project team suggests that it could be implemented already in 2017 in Russia in the framework of a large-scale international meeting under the name of the TRACE, where all European experts on tree rings come”.
SibFU Expedition Film Premiere to be Shown on the National “Russia 1” TV
June 27, 2015. The TV channel “Russia 1” will be the first channel to screen the film “Essey: the People and the Savages”. The film is based on the results of the expedition of research staff of Siberian Federal University to Evenkia for the purpose of labeling reindeer collars with satellite transmitters. The chief cameraman of the film was the associate professor of SibFU Igor Savchenko, and the director — a well-known TV journalist of the State Television and Radio Company (STRC) “Krasnoyarsk” Sergei Gerasimov. The film was made with the support of “Rosneft” company.
Competitive Selection for Participation in the Expedition “Kyzyl-Kuragino”
Russian Geographical Society announces the start of the competitive selection of volunteers among young people, who would “uncover secrets of the Valley of the Kings” and participate in the fifth field season of archaeological and geographical expeditions “Kyzyl-Kuragino”.
The purpose of the expedition is to ensure the preservation of cultural heritage in the area of construction of the railway line that will link the capital of Tuva, Kyzyl, and the Elegestskoe metallurgic close-burning coal deposit with the Kuragino Territory transportation hub of the Krasnoyarsk Region.
This unique place has monuments of different eras – from the ancient sites of the Prehistoric Man up to the medieval fortifications, including unique multi-layered settlements of the Neolithic and Bronze Age, monuments of the Stone Age, dating back hundreds of thousands of years.
To help archaeologists to study and preserve this cultural heritage Russian Geographical Society gathers volunteers to participate in the expedition to the field camps “Ermak” (Krasnoyarsk region) and “Valley of the Kings” (Republic of Tuva).
To participate in the selection, it is necessary before March 1, 2015 to fill in the questionnaire on the site of the project.
The Arctic, Nansen and SibFU
The theme of the “Arctic”, its development and preservation is topical for SibFU scientists. So, back in 2010 SibFU hosted the international conference “Siberian North and the Arctic in the global challenges of the 21st century”. The conference was attended by nearly 200 scientists, government officials and representatives of the business community. The scientists discussed problems of the development of the Arctic in the global context, the resource potential of the Siberian North, transport infrastructure issues, international cooperation and the formation of an effective environment.
In addition, the university implemented a number of projects of economic, environmental and social orientation:
- works on the creation of space monitoring system to study the influence caused by the increased shipping activity on considerably melted ice;
- works on the use of the “GLONASS” technology for the needs of the Far North;
- development of non-explosive technologies of underwater drilling;
- works on the development of heavy-duty cold-resistant materials based onultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, allowing to increase the working life of 3 to 11 times;
- the development of modern technologies of housing construction, for example, the creation of eco-houses, which are based on the principle of the use of energy through biological interior components;
- widely presented projects on creation of special transport systems for the development of the northern Russian fields;
- representatives of the scientific work of the school of climate research under the guidance of the academician Eugene A. Vaganov are widely known far abroad;
- SibFU Law School scientists conduct research on international legal aspects of the exploration of the Arctic and legal security of the formation of labor resources in the northern regions.
The geopolitical aspect of the Arctic exploration and problem areas in the Arctic section are in the focus of SibFU sociologists. It is worth mentioning that SibFU has the Research Center on Indigenous Peoples issues, which is engaged in research activities on indigenous peoples, the development of proposals for the state authorities of the region and municipalities to improve the quality of life of the northerners.
The Film “Native Swamp” by Scholars of SibFU Screened on a Regional TV Channel
September 21, 2013 The state television and radio channel “Krasnoyarsk” shows another documentary by scientists of SibFU called “Native Swamp” (Rodnoe Boloto) about the importance of preserving biological diversity and creation of sanctuaries “Tyukhtet-Shadatsky Wetland Complex” and “Saratov Swamp”, filmed in collaboration with a team of the regional channel.
According to the associate professor of SibFU Igor Savchenko, the film was the result of the summer expedition of ornithologists of the university to the southern and central territories of the region. It is noteworthy that “Native Swamp” is the fifth film made in association with SibFU biologists. Earlier the TV Channel “Krasnoyarsk” and the program “Unlost Paradise” (Nepoterianni Rai) already screened the films “Grouse Hunter” (Okhotnik za glukhariami), “Life by the Lake” (Zhizn u ozera), “Spring Arrives on the Wings” (Vesna priletaet na kriliakh) and “Born to Fly” (Rozhdenni letat).
All films from the series can be viewed at the “SibFU” Video website in the part “educational films”.
Method to Preserve Endangered Species of Birds Offered by Research Scientists of SibFU
Scientists of SibFU have proposed to create a natural reserve in the Sukhobuzimsky Territory to preserve the population of gray crane, the numbers of which dropped significantly in recent years. 210 species out of 382 species of birds of the Central Siberia and every forth out of 89 species of birds listed in the Red Book of Krasnoyarsk Krai were noticed within the reserve “Saratov Swamp” (Saratovskoe Boloto). The main objects of protection in addition to the gray crane include grebe, bittern, crested honey buzzard, falcon, long-toed stint, curlew and others.
The concern and long-term research of scientists on the preservation of the endangered species were supported by the grant of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry of the Krasnoyarsk Region for the organization of the state natural reserve of regional significance “Saratov Swamp”.
As part of the received grant in the spring and summer of this year a scientific expedition to the Sukhobuzimsky Territory to the “Saratov Swamp” was organized. Scientists conducted a comprehensive environmental survey of the territory:
- they assessed the environmental conditions on air pollution by chemicals, impact on surface and ground water, natural air pollution factors;
- they described the biological diversity of the area;
- they gave characteristic to the flora and fauna, in particular, to vegetation, fish, amphibians and reptiles, birds and mammals;
- they recorded economic development of the territory, conservation and threats to the common problems of the biological diversity of wildlife areas;
- they developed a substantiation for the borders and special protection of the state and nature of the biological reserve of regional significance “Saratov Swamp”.
Obtaining of the status of a natural reserve allows “Saratov Swamp to take a series of restrictive measures, which, according to scientists, will help to improve the situation with the existence and reproduction of waterbird populations, including pre-migration groups of rare and listed in the Red Book of Russia gray crane, curlew and rail.
Expedition of Civil Engineers to Nosok Village of Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets Municipal District
In recent years, the government of the region pays serious attention to the problem of housing for the population of the northern territories. In the summer 2011 an unusual expedition was organized in the context of solving the problem. Nosok village is one of the most northern villages of the country. The village became a destination for a group of students and post-graduates of the School of Civil Engineering of SibFU.
The main goals of the expedition were as follows:
- the development of a model of typical residential house, taking into account the needs of indigenous peoples of the north, their traditional activities, cultural features and climatic conditions;
- the development of a model of typical northern settlement;
- the development of measures to modernize the village of Nosok.
The tasks of the expedition were as follows:
- gathering information about the features of the territory, local residents, their wishes, technical documentation of objects within Nosok;
- conformity assessment of the technical state of construction of various facilities in Nosok, whether they comply with the requirements and applicable regulations or not;
- verification of the possibility of further safe operation, taking into account any defects or damage detected by visual observation;
- coming up with recommendations for the village planning and construction of residential buildings.
Results of Youth Environmental Laboratory at SibFU
Siberian Federal University summarized the results of the project «Krasnoyarsk Youth Laboratory for Environmental Quality Assessment».
More than 100 pupils from 7 schools took part in the project. They learned about methods of analyzing environmental objects under the supervision of chemistry teachers and SibFU students mastering chemistry, and during two months carried out analysis of water and soil samples. Overall results were summed up within the round-table discussion The Quality of the Environment in Krasnoyarsk, which was held at the end of October at SibFU.
«The project has attracted attention of society and especially of pupils to the environmental problems of their native city. Almost all samples of drinking water proved to be healthy upon nine indicators, except few samples where chromaticity and turbidity were exceeded. Soil samples from school districts showed high pH level. Youth laboratory will continue its work. We plan to meet with representatives of nature protection structures, implement research projects on chemistry and ecology, including the study of air quality in residential buildings», — said Sergey Sagalakov, professor of the Department of Organic and Analytical Chemistry at the School of Non-Ferrous Metals and Materials Sciences, Siberian Federal University.
The project was supported from the budget of Krasnoyarsk.
School-workshop «Ecological Consciousness of Modern Man» at SibFU
The Scientific and Educational Centre for Young Scientists held free courses on 13 November and 14 November 2017 for students, graduates and young scientists of SibFU. The topic of interdisciplinary school-workshop was Ecological Consciousness of Modern Man. Capacity of Research Infrastructure at the University.
The school's aim was to involve talented young people in research and educational activities and to promote interdisciplinary projects for research infrastructure of the University and the capacity.
The program introduced students to peculiarities of development of environmental awareness, projects of the University on relevant topics, such as environment and environmental management.
SibFU students won the Environmental Cup
Students of the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU became winners of the V Interuniversity Environmental Cup, which was held in Novosibirsk on 18-19 October.
The Environmental Cup was aimed at drawing attention to issues of environmental protection and starting a discussion on environmental problems among students. 11 teams from Siberian universities took part in the event. The team of Dmitry Zlobin, Marina Rubleva, Ksenia Kotovshchikova, and Igor Kanyuk from the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU became winners at the event.
SibFU held public lectures on using stable isotopes in environmental studies
Rolf Theodor Walter Siegwolf, visiting professor from the Paulya Sherera Institute (PSI), Bern, Switzerland gave public lectures in English for SibFU students on using stable isotopes in environmental studies.
- 9 October, room 44-12, 79 Prospekt Svobodny, Introduction, Definitions, Applications
- 11 October, room 44-12, 79 Prospekt Svobodny, Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopes in the ecosystem
- 12 October, room 44-12, 79 Prospekt Svobodny, Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes, from the ocean to the plants and soil
- 18 October, room 44-12, 79 Prospekt Svobodny, Answering questions and discussions
Public lecturers on biotechnology to be given in SibFU
From 5 October to 9 October 2017, there will be open lecturers at SibFU by Guido Persoone, Dr.Sc., emeritus Professor from the Ghent University (Belgium), Director of Research and Development for MicroBioTests Inc. Guido Persoone (.pdf).
The world-renowned researcher in the field of environmental biology, applied ecology, toxicology will give lecturers on environmental toxicology in English during his visit.
New blog of SibFU researches: waste and income
The SibFU website keeps publishing blogs of the University’s researchers. Ruslan Sharafutdinov, the Director of the School of Ecology and Geography, speaks about environment from a position of waste management: about the changes concerning environment that are happening in the world and expected in Russia.
From the East to Europe: SibFU started international summer schools
Siberian Federal University started the traditional season of international summer schools. This year there will be 14 international summer schools with invited scientists and students from 27 international universities (Austria, the USA, the Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Spain, Italy, China, the Netherlands, Poland, Taiwan, the Czech Republic, Sweden, etc.). There are various research fields studied at the summer schools: Climate Change Research, Environment, Sustainable Natural Resource Management, Efficiency of Resource Extraction, Physics, IT, Jurisprudence, Russian as a Foreign Language, Economics, Multicultural Mediation, and Innovative Engineering Technology.
Krasnoyarsk will held International Field Summer School «Study of Bottom Contour and Coastal Processes of Reservoirs and Lakes»
15 July 2017, Siberian Federal University starts International Field Summer School «Study of Bottom Contour and Coastal Processes of Reservoirs and Lakes». More than 30 people will explore geological structure of banks.
SibFU organized the conference on tree rings
Siberian Federal University and Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University have organized the unique scientific conference TRACE2017: Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology.
The event was held in Kaliningrad from 17 to 21 May 2017 and supported by The Association for Tree-Ring Research, an international scientific organization of dendrochronologists. According to the TRACE tradition, the conference was dedicated to promotion and support of network and scientific exchange of scientists and students in the field of dendrochronology. As one of the organizers said, the venue for the conference was chosen considering logistics; it was held in the westernmost city of Russia for the first time.
«We decided to organize this conference a year and a half ago, and then we made an arrangement with TRACE to hold it in Russia. And then they began to search for the most suitable location. Krasnoyarsk was not appropriate for the international participants because of its remote location. We have very good relations with Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, so I suggested holding the event in Kaliningrad. We are grateful to the management of the IKBFU and especially to the rector Andrey Klemeshev, who supported the idea.— Said Eugene Vaganov, SibFU Rector and Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. —The sphere of tree rings studying is extensive, up-to-date, and very interesting. It has a serious cross-disciplinary potential. After all, knowledge from history, biology, and climatology is united in this sphere. In our Siberian Federal University we have formed research teams studying dendrochronology and now started several master’s and PhD programs. So this sphere is one of our leading priorities. IKBFU possesses serious equipment within ecological profile, for example, for monitoring, so I expect that our universities will be able to jointly develop this direction in future.
In addition, Kaliningrad region is of great interest. However, only a few research projects on tree rings were implemented. For example, there is an area called Dancing Forest on the Curonian Spit. There is a lot of hypothesis concerning this place, but no particular answers. Now we have new methods of research that allow investigating in details the state of things. The main result of the conference is cooperation of researchers, pooling of efforts, and possible forming of new productive research teams».
The conference gathered 200 leading experts from Russia, Germany, Italy, Holland, Switzerland, Spain, Estonia, Czech Republic, Serbia, Slovenia, Denmark, Belgium, Romania, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, and Belarus. The presentations of researchers were concerning the issues of archeology, climatology, geomorphology, glaciology, history of fires, forest dynamics, ecology, hydrology, plant physiology, ring tree studies, and tree anatomy.
Students of the School of Ecology and Geography will attend the Summer Institute at the USA
Dmitry Zlobin, Evgenia Konovalenko, and Diana Lisenkova, students of the School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU, won the competition for participation in the four-week program of the Summer Institute on Global Environmental Issues.
Young people have achieved the opportunity to attend the universities of the six US cities, including Washington, New York, and New Hampshire, during August 2017, where they can get acquainted with green building, waste sorting and alternative energy sources, learn about eco-volunteering in the United States, and visit an organic farm using composting.
Within the Summer Institute, future ecologists will be able to share their experience with American students and discuss youth projects implemented in Russia and in the USA. All students will be offered to develop their own environmental projects based on their experience, so that their implementation could help the environmental development of their region. At the end of the year, there will be presentation and analysis of completed projects at the international meeting.
Vernadsky Foundation scholarships for students of environmental majors
We invite SibFU students, mastering environmental sciences, to participate in the open competition for Vernadsky Foundation scholarships for students.
To take part in the competition, you need to submit a set of documents to the Academic Affairs Department of SibFU up to 15 February 2017.
Details about the competition are on the website in the section «Scholarships and grants for Students».
SibFU hosted Festival of Eco Vision — 2016
I Krasnoyarsk Interactive Ecological Festival Eco Vision — 2016 has been held in Siberian Federal University. The event was organized by the Committee for Natural Resources and Ecology of the Youth Advisory Council of Krasnoyarsk Territory, and School of Ecology and Geography, SibFU.
300 people attended the Eco Festival: pupils from 19 schools of Krasnoyarsk and students of 4 educational institutions from our city. During the event guests could attend:
- public lectures on global and regional environmental problems given by lecturers from School of Ecology and Geography;
- workshops for making stuffed toys and handicrafts from natural materials;
- exhibition of useful stuff from recycled materials ;
- activity for giving in waste paper, used light bulbs and batteries for recycling;
- educational quest “A Career of an Ecologist”;
- eco-debates on reducing the share of personal vehicles for solving environmental and social problems.
Ruslan Sharafutdinov, director of School of Ecology and Geography, told us that the main topic of the event was the responsibility of each person to protect nature.“Each guest of the event had an opportunity to take a test on ecology and check their level of awareness. I shall note that the questions were directly related to the problems typical for our region: the state of the air and water, lack of green areas and uncontrolled waste disposal. The main point is that participants started to think about a contribution each person could make to improve the environmental situation”.
According to Dmitry Zlobin, student of School of Ecology and Geography, head of the Committee for Natural Resources and Ecology of the Youth Advisory Council of Krasnoyarsk Territory, discussion on waste sorting and operation of the system in different countries was also extremely interesting and vigorous.“Experts and people from the audience debated about reduction of natural resources and environmental pollution. The speakers were from the leaders of regional public environmental organizations and a special guest from France, who gave a talk about art objects as a form of public service announcement”.
Siberian Universities Launch the Project “Energy of the Future”
“Energy of the Future” is a joint educational project of the company En + Group and the Corporate University “EuroSibEnergo”.
The project educational sessions devoted to technologies of the future will be held at Siberian Federal University and Irkutsk State Technical University. The lecturers will be delivered by eminent experts: scientists, heads of industrial companies and other professionals in the field of technology.
The project's organizers emphasize that the key assets and new projects of the holding are located in the Eastern Siberia, therefore one of the priority objectives of the project is to promote the level of general awareness of students from Irkutsk and Krasnoyarsk energy studies-related universities on new technologies and trends of the development.
Krasnoyarsk session will be devoted climate and ecology issues of the project. Topics for further sessions in 2016-2017 academic year go as follows: the future of cloud computing, new technologies in the coal industry and “green”.
Summer School on Biodiversity Opened at SibFU
July 11, 2016 Siberian Federal University opened the Second International Summer School “Monitoring and Early Warning of Risks in the Management of Biodiversity”.
The school is funded by the grant of the European Union Erasmus + , the program for Jean Monnet and the Participation SibFU in the Russian Academic Excellence Project 5-100. Among the participants of the school there are 25 students from the educational, scientific and public organizations of Russia, India, Hungary, Italy and Iran. The teaching staff includes both representatives of the FAS (including post-docs from the Czech Republic and Spain), as well as partner organizations from Russia, Hungary, the Netherlands and Sweden.
According to one of the organizers of the school from the Central European University (Hungary) Anton Shkarubo, the goal of the international Summer School is a call for analysis and possible solutions to overcome the problems of economic growth and development challenges:“the science of environmental protection in today's world is becoming a multi-disciplinary environment. It weaves a lot of social and political aspects. This academic field is still relatively underdeveloped in the Russian academic tradition, while the society demanded specialists able to understand not only what occurs in nature, but in fact, why it happens and how it is related to other, non-natural processes. For example, knowledge on quite a “hipster” scientific area of early recognition and prevention of environmental problems is the exclusive knowledge that students will be able to get only in our school”.
International Summer Scientific School on Dendroecology Held in Khakassia
August 2, 2016. The International Summer Scientific School “Ecology of Plants and Digital Anatomy of Wood” opened in Abakan. The co-organizer of the school is a branch of SibFU — Khakassia Technical Institute.
The school is held in association with the Swiss National Research Institute of snow, forests and landscape (WSL) and Siberian Federal University, with the support of the Association of Studies of tree rings, Forest Institute of the SB RAS and the energy company “RusHydro”.
The participants of the school are sixty students, graduate students and young scientists from Russia, Switzerland, Italy, Poland, Spain, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, as well as high school students of Abakan. During the week they will attend the lectures on basic principles and methods of dendroecology, xylem anatomy and will apply the gained knowledge on the evaluation of climatic and geomorphological processes, forest fires, forest ecosystem dynamics, hydrology and plant physiology.
The Field School of SibFU Studies Coastal Processes of Water Reservoirs
July 15, 2016. Siberian Federal University hosts the International Summer School field seminar dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Krasnoyarsk Water Reservoir filling. More than thirty participants of the seminar came to study the bottom topography and coastal processes in the reservoir.
The Head of the School, Professor of SibFU, Doctor of Geography, Galina Yamskikh pointed out that the main purpose of the school was to develop students' skills to work with modern devices in the reservoir water area:“For us it is important to test the equipment purchased for the Department of Geography. We are planning to create a youth center, a laboratory, where students, young researchers will conduct their research and monitor coastal zones of the reservoir. On the territory of the region there is a large number of reservoirs, but experts, unfortunately, are few. In the training of such experts we rely on the assistance of the invited Russian colleagues and foreign scientists-lecturers”.
Students of the Motorsport Center of SibFU Restore the Ecological Symbol
A team from the Motosport Center of SibFU are going to visit Mana Lake District (Partisansky Territory) to install a symbolic sign, marking the territory as the “Living Belt of the Planet”, where mining and construction of industrial facilities are strictly prohibited. The expedition with two cars starts on July 28, 2015.
The International Environmental Project “NEO” — “the Living Belt of the Planet” was established in 1998 on the initiative of Russian and foreign astronauts. It was then that the first zone of “the belt” was marked — the Putorana Plateau (Evenkia). The area of the plateau of more than 11 million hectares is free of all industrial activities, as they were banned by the local authorities.
In 2001 the leadership of the Partisansky Territory announced that the area of additional 81 thousand hectares is to be included into the emergency reserve of the planet. The symbol of this was the opened metal ring with a diameter of 4 meters installed on Mana Lake.
Public Lecture by British Climatologist Malcolm K. Hughes at SibFU
September 2, 2010. SibFU will become a venue for a lecture by Professor Malcolm K. Hughes from the Great Britain. The title of the lecture will be “Strange Times on Planet Earth?” and it will be devoted to the global climate change on the planet. Organizers of the lecture: Siberian Federal University and the US Fund for Civilian Research and Development.
Whether the anomalous Moscow heat foretells the inevitable global warming in the future? Whether the harsh Siberian cold proves that any warming is not expected? How to use air bubbles in the millennial ice or annual rings of trees as indicators on past climates?
The scientist will share his observations about the dynamics of climate change in the context of the last decade, hundreds of thousands of years and will talk about the reasons for his hesitation.
“No doctor can tell whether the patient is really sick, if the doctor has never seen a healthy one. Years of research by thousands of scientists indicate that the current climate is undergoing significant changes. The concentration of greenhouse gases over the last 20-30 years has reached a state, in which it has never been”— Malcolm Hughes says.
Scientists Have Proposed to Implement Global Urban Trends in Krasnoyarsk
January 21, 2016. Siberian Federal University hosted the round table titled “Global and Russian Trends of Urban Studies. Krasnoyarsk is a City for Life”. The round table united scientists of Krasnoyarsk and Moscow-city planners, as well as businessmen, government officials and builders.
A professor of SibFU Irina Kukina identified a few global urban development and construction trends in her report:“The modern urban science describes a number of global trends: the expansion of the functions of the lower tier of houses, the principle of landscape-ecological outlook, the vector from segregation to integration of housing development. Another remarkable feature is strengthening of local government functions: more and more people are included in the planning of the city, more often we see reports that the residents made a decision on a question related to the landscaping. Most citizens want their house to be close to good comfortable places of living, close to small parks. This is another reason why large enterprises tend to leave the city environment. Another trend is preservation of historic low-rise blocks”.
Submitting applications for participation at International School «Data Analysis in Tree-Ring Research»
Siberian Federal University together with Baltic Federal University and the Association for Tree-Ring Research invites research fellows, postgraduates and students to take part in the international school «Data Analysis in Tree-Ring Research». It will be held in the city of Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad Region, on 16–17 May 2017.
The School will be held within the Conference «Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology» (TRACE 2017). Language of the event is English.
The School program consists of several master classes; it is available on the School's website. To take part in the event, you need to pay for master classes you would like to attend. The cost of one master class is 20 Euros (coffee-break and lunch are included).
SibFU entered NESEFF
Siberian Federal University has become a full member of NESEFF (network for energy supply and energy efficiency) – a network for partner European and CIS universities specializing on energy supply and energy efficiency. The agreement was signed on 14 November 2016.
According to Rashit Nazirov, advisor to the rector of SibFU, NESEFF unites educational institutions of German, Azerbaijan, Russia, Ukraine, Czech Republic, and Poland.“Aim of the partnership is to organize scientific exchange on regular basis for specialists in energy supply and energy efficiency and to focus public attention on energy conservation and particularly on energy sustainability of the society”.
Challenges to be solved under the Agreement:
- scientific exchange on regular basis;
- professional development of employees;
- information provision for government bodies, establishments, associations, etc. and their consultation in the field of power engineering;
- support of continuous education of students in this field.
We should add that operation of NESEFF is supported by the Institute of Environmental Technology and Recycling (Germany).
Scientists of SibFU Have Presented Educational Developments at a UNESCO Forum
Pioneering developments of didactics of sustainable development were presented at the international forum “Saving Humankind as an Imperative for Sustainable Development”, the deputy head of the UNESCO Chair of Siberian Federal University, Associate Professor, and PhD Anatoly Kozlov. The scientific forum under the auspices of UNESCO was held in Kazan on September 14-16, 2016.
The didactic system developed by SibFU research scientists is based on the integration of the material of studied disciplines with applied dialectics – a science on the development of the emerging theory of inventive problem solving and applicable in university and pre-university education. It allows to create a new component of human culture — a culture of innovation and moral values.
According to the authors, the didactics has been successfully tested in the project activities of SibFU students and secondary school graduates. It has been included in the methodological support of the "New Polytechnic School" — a network of engineering and technology classes created in schools, lyceums and gymnasiums of Krasnoyarsk region with the support of the Governor Viktor Tolokonsky.
The President of the University the Arctic Visited SibFU
April 12, 2016. The delegation of the University of the Arctic headed by the President Lars Kullerud visited SibFU. University of the Arctic brings together universities, colleges and other organizations working in the field of higher education and research in the North.
During the meeting with representatives of the institution and the curators of scientific fields at SibFU, who conduct research on Arctic topics, the guests discussed the prospects of commercialization of science and technology in the North. It is worth of note that this issue has been on the scientific agenda of one of the thematic networks, which unites the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), the Yukon College (Canada), University of Tromsø — The Arctic University of Norway, Nordland University (Norway), University of Oulu (Finland). The thematic network cooperates with the authorities, business associations, private and public companies in relation to the following issues:
- practical application of innovative products;
- eliminate barriers to innovation in the North;
- investment in the infrastructure of the northern regions.
Lars Kullerud called SibFU one of the most important members of the community.“I have heard a lot about your university and talked with its representatives, but I have never been here before. We would like to personally assess the inclusiveness of scientists and students into our common project. We, representatives of science, are out of politics, therefor we perceive the Arctic as a field of our common scientific interests”,— Lars Kullerud explained the purpose of the visit.
He also said that within a year a special agreement between the universities and the scientific community, which are part of the University of the Arctic, can be signed. The agreement provides for joint research and implementation of programs of academic mobility of students in the universities of Russia, Canada, the United States and the five Arctic countries: Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Iceland.
Ecological Headquarters of the Krasnoyarsk Region
Ecological headquarters of the Krasnoyarsk Region was created according to the initiative of Siberian Federal University, representatives of public organizations, the leadership of the region and the city of Krasnoyarsk. The decision to create it was made as a result of public hearings “On the ecological situation in the city of Krasnoyarsk, immediate and strategic measures for its improvement”, which were held April 7, 2016.
The main objectives of the headquarters:
- the launch of processes for “environmental improvement” of the city of Krasnoyarsk,
- the formation of a coalition for the development of solutions to environmental problems,
- coordination of efforts of government, business and society to improve the ecological situation in the city and region,
- monitoring and quality control of the execution of decisions in the environmental field.
The chairperson of the Environmental Headquarters of SibFU President Alexander Uss:“We expect that all stakeholders and social organizations will be able to coordinate their actions through the framework of the Ecological Headquarters of SibFU. Hence, SibFU will become a platform for regular discussions on environmental issues and a venue for very thorough, objective and profound investigations and research of problematic situations, as well as the actions of the government, major businesses, one way or another involved in the process.
Establishment of the headquarters is an urgent measure, which is necessary to address the pressing environmental problems of the city of Krasnoyarsk. The ecological headquarters must become a driver of improvement processes for the environment of the capital of the region, a driver of the restoration of the natural recreational potential of Krasnoyarsk City”.
As part of the environmental sustainability practices various youth organizations and associations are implementing a number of projects and initiatives at SibFU.
Thus, the department of youth projects of SibFU twice a year — in spring and in autumn — holds Green Project — a set of measures for the collection of waste paper, plastics and used batteries. Since 2015 SibFU employees can take part in the event and deliver waste paper at any time. The Youth Union of SibFU with the support of the Forest Stewardship Council, and the World Wildlife Fund annually organize the ecological FSC-Friday for university students. The event aims to draw attention to forest issues and is organized in the form of a team intellectual-entertaining game.
As part of its work the Volunteer Center of SibFU attracts volunteers for solving the problems of preservation, protection and environmental cleanup activities. The sports and ecological game “Stolby Reserve Cleanup” and collection of garbage on the banks of the Yenisei River are among the annual events and campaigns organized by the center. The primary trade union organization of students of SibFU organizes the event “Clean Forest” every year in May. The cleanup of the birch grove takes place in the Oktyabrsky district of Krasnoyarsk. So, the last time the event was attended by 200 students, 98 bags of garbage were collected, including furniture, construction waste, clothing and tires. Since 2016 the student union has been implementing the project “Clean Campus”, participants of which clean the campus and surrounding areas.
In addition, the unique project for Krasnoyarsk "0% BLACK SKY!" was launched in 2016. The project allows any townspeople to check if their car emissions meet the existing Russian standards. All cars, which have undergone the test, receive a “Card of Car Emissions Toxicity”, which contains an assessment of five parameters, including the content of such harmful substances as CO and CH.
Environmental Event “Clean Forest” at SibFU
On 20 May 2018, Students Union of Siberian Federal University held the environmental event “Clean Forest” in a birch grove near the University. The event was organized as a quest, so that participants had to move from one point of the quest to another, solving tasks and collecting garbage along the way.
Also within the event, SibFU Green Project installed the eco-point for collecting waste paper, PET bottles, and batteries. People could deliver both garbage found in the grove and bring it from home.
Recyclables Collection Experience of SibFU Ecologists One of the Best in Russia
Siberian Federal University became a prize-winner of Russian Environmental Quest “Share with Us” dedicated to implementing waste sorting in higher education institutions and interactive eco-education of young people.
During the quest, students had to complete 15 tasks, for example, designing layouts of social advertising and searching for a waste processing company.
So, the team of the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU collected more than a ton of recyclable waste, such as paper, glass, and plastic. Besides, three containers of 3.5 cubic meters were installed on campus for waste paper and glass. In the nearest future, the SibFU team plans to set 16 containers for waste sorting on the territory of the University.
As a result, the universities that have implemented waste sorting are invited to join the Association of Green Universities of Russia with teams of students from 28 Russian universities, among which are Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Saint Petersburg State University. Members of the winning teams and winners have been recommended to participate in the Russia Youth Environmental Program (RYEP) for an environmental internship in the USA.
The award ceremony of the winning teams took place at the II All-Russian Assembly of the Association of Green Universities on the topic “Development of student ecological movement in Russia” on 23-25 March 2018 in Moscow.
Offsite Workshop from School of Eco-Volunteers in Achinsk
On 2 March 2018, the city of Achinsk held the workshop for School of Eco-Volunteers of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Professors of Siberian Federal University and experts from regional department of Ministry of Ecology and Efficient Nature Resource Management gave lectures on environmental legislation for more than 50 participants.
Prospective eco-volunteers had an intensive training course. They got a basic understanding of environmental legislation and ecotourism, learned about violations in the conservation of wildlife, water and soil, subsoil management and atmospheric air. After completing the course students passed the test and achieved certificates of eco-volunteers. In the future, they will perform inspections to reveal illegal dumping and pollution of small rivers together with environmental inspectors from the Ministry of Ecology and Efficient Nature Resource Management of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
“It is extremely important that the students of the workshop had the opportunity to achieve both theoretical knowledge and practical skills in implementing public environmental monitoring. Also, volunteers performed environmental audits with acting environmental inspectors. We are planning to hold such workshops 3-4 times a year. Moreover, they are free to access. You simply need a desire to make the world a better place,”said Ruslan Sharafutdinov, the director of the School of Ecology and Geography SibFU.
Results of an autumn event Green Project SibFU
153 students and employees of the University took part in the annual environmental event Green Project SibFU. With the help of volunteers from the SibFU Voluntary Center and student teams 6,100 kg of wasted paper, 71 kg of plastic, and 28 kg of batteries were collected.
The intellectual game Eco-Quest dedicated to the Year of Ecology in Russia took place at SibFU
Volunteer Centre of Siberian Federal University organized an intellectual game Eco-Quest for pupils of Krasnoyarsk schools on 14 October.
2017 is declared the Year of Ecology in Russia, so the goal of the event was promoting environmentally friendly behaviour and rational use of natural resources among the younger generation.
SibFU invited pupils of the 3rd and 4th grades. During the intellectual game scholars tested their knowledge of ecology and got acquainted with the history of this science. In total, 6 schools of Krasnoyarsk participated in the event.
Each team received certificates of participants, gift vouchers and brand bracelets from SibFU Volunteer Centre, and the winners got the first place award certificate.
Anna Pankova, team-leader, SibFU Volunteer Centre, shared her event impressions:«The quest was excellent! The players, pupils of 3-4 grades, really enjoyed it. We believe that it is essential to instil an ecological culture in children of primary school, because character and most of habits are formed at their age. The most important is that we see and feel the feedback from the children and their appreciation. I think we are ready to continue working with this audience».
An autumn event Green Project on collecting waste paper to be held at SibFU
6, 13 and 20 October 2017 SibFU will run an annual autumn environmental event Green Project on collecting waste paper, PET plastics, and electric batteries. All students and staff members are invited to participate in the event.
SibFU Volunteers checked ecological compatibility of automobiles in Krasnoyarsk
21 September 2017, Volunteer Centre of Siberian Federal University held the event within World Car-Free Day. Everyone could pass a quick test to measure car emissions with modern equipment, a gas analyser, and see whether their vehicles meet environmental standards.
50 motorists took part in the event. The objective was to show car enthusiasts the harm their vehicles do to nature.
According to the measurement results, 87 % of the vehicles at the event met standards, and their owners were presented special stickers with the inscription «Tested by SibFU Volunteer Centre».
Kristina Patrina, Head of the Volunteer Centre, SibFU:«It is very important for us to organize events aimed at preserving and protecting the environment. Environmental direction is one of our priorities. We were pleased with the fact that 87 % of the vehicles showed good results. We hope that by holding this event we will inspire some people to give up their cars on the World Car-Free Day. And together we will make our city cleaner!»
Festival of Health to be held at SibFU again
On the eve of World No Tobacco Day, team of headquarters «Run after me! SibFU» invites to take part in traditional event of the Health Festival «Uniting Generations» and start a healthy lifestyle.
There are three fascinating sport locations waiting for guests and participants of the events:
- Interactive location: trainings from the best fitness instructors from the leading sports clubs of Krasnoyarsk; unique and thrilling performances from extreme athletes and professional dancers, coachers from the headquarters;
- Competitive location: you can take part in a relay or cheer for the runners. Sports spirit and desire for victory unites teams of students and staff members from SibFU, pupils and students from educational institutions of Krasnoyarsk, as well as teams of partner organizations;
- Information location: master classes from partners and coaches of headquarters, hitting qualifying standards of Association of student sports clubs of Russia; getting personal advice on proper nutrition from certified instructors and experts; learning about rules of a healthy lifestyle from the AntiAIDS centre, and checking a status of a respiratory system with smokerlyzer by students of Krasnoyarsk State Medical University.
Results of spring collecting within environmental event «Green Project SibFU»
On 14, 21, and 28 April 2017 all sites of the University took part in the traditional environmental event «Green Project SibFU». 164 students, lecturers and staff members attended the event.
With the help of Volunteer Center, Youth Center of the School of Ecology and Geography and Students' teams, 5,892 kg of waste paper, 88 kg of plastic, and 57 kg of electric batteries were collected at the 5 sites of the University.
A pleasant feature of the spring event was organization of garbage collection points by 14 Krasnoyarsk secondary schools on their territory under the auspices of the University event «Green project SibFU».
In the nearest future the organizers of the event will contact the staff members, who took part in the event, to exchange waste paper for office supplies.
In October 2015 the SibFU joined the federal Project 5-100, which is supposed to enhance the international competitiveness of the Russian universities among the world’s leading research and education centers. The project involves 21 universities now.
For joining the project, the SibFU has developed and presented the Program to improve the international competitiveness, which continues the SibFU Development Program for the 2011-2021 in the part of the arrangements aimed at the University to access the global research and education market. Applied significance of the program — the promotion of the SibFU in the international rankings.
Overall, the expected result of the Project 5-100 by the year 2020 is the entry of at least five Russian universities in the first hundred of the global education rankings.